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Service Discovery Config: API Definition

Service discovery is configured on a per-API basis, and is set up in the API Object under the proxy section of your API Definition:

"enable_load_balancing": true,
service_discovery: {
  use_discovery_service: true,
  query_endpoint: "http://127.0.0.1:4001/v2/keys/services/multiobj",
  use_nested_query: true,
  parent_data_path: "node.value",
  data_path: "array.hostname",
  port_data_path: "array.port",
  use_target_list: true,
  cache_timeout: 10,
  target_path: "/append-this-api-path/"
},

Settings are as follows:

  • service_discovery.use_discovery_service: Set this to true to enable the discovery module.
  • service_discovery.query_endpoint: The endpoint to call, this would probably be your Consul, etcd or Eureka K/V store.
  • service_discovery.data_path: The namespace of the data path so, for example, if your service responds with:

    {
        "action": "get",
        "node": {
            "key": "/services/single",
            "value": "http://httpbin.org:6000",
            "modifiedIndex": 6,
            "createdIndex": 6
        }
    }
    

    Then your namespace would be node.value.

  • service_discovery.use_nested_query: Sometimes the data you are retrieving is nested in another JSON object, e.g. this is how etcd responds with a JSON object as a value key:

    {
        "action": "get",
        "node": {
            "key": "/services/single",
            "value": "{"hostname": "http://httpbin.org", "port": "80"}",
            "modifiedIndex": 6,
            "createdIndex": 6
        }
    }
    

    In this case, the data actually lives within this string-encoded JSON object, so in this case, you set the use_nested_query to true, and use a combination of the data_path and parent_data_path (below)

  • service_discovery.parent_data_path: This is the namespace of the where to find the nested value, in the above example, it would be node.value. You would then change the data_path setting to be hostname, since this is where the host name data resides in the JSON string. Tyk automatically assumes that the data_path in this case is in a string-encoded JSON object and will try to deserialise it.

    Tyk will decode the JSON string and then apply the data_path namespace to that object in order to find the value.

  • service_discovery.port_data_path: In the above nested example, we can see that there is a separate port value for the service in the nested JSON. In this case you can set the port_data_path value and Tyk will treat data_path as the hostname and zip them together (this assumes that the hostname element does not end in a slash or resource identifier such as /widgets/).

    In the above example, the port_data_path would be port.

  • service_discovery.use_target_list: If you are using load balancing, set this value to true and Tyk will treat the data path as a list and inject it into the target list of your API Definition.

  • service_discovery.cache_timeout: Tyk caches target data from a discovery service, in order to make this dynamic you can set a cache value when the data expires and new data is loaded. Setting it too low will cause Tyk to call the SD service too often, setting it too high could mean that failures are not recovered from quickly enough.

  • service_discovery.target_path: Use this setting to set a target path to append to the discovered endpoint, since many SD services only provide host and port data, it is important to be able to target a specific resource on that host, setting this value will enable that.

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