Documentation Documentation

Rich Plugins Data Structures

Introduction

This page describes the data structures used by Tyk rich plugins, and is used in the following plugin drivers:

  • Python (built-in)
  • Lua (built-in)
  • gRPC (external, compatible with any supported gRPC language

We keep our stable Protocol Buffer definitions in the following GitHub repository: https://github.com/TykTechnologies/tyk-protobuf/proto This is intended for users to generate their own bindings using the appropriate gRPC tools for the language used.

MiniRequestObject (coprocess_mini_request_object.proto)

The Coprocess.MiniRequestObject is the main request data structure used by rich plugins It’s used for middleware calls and contains important fields like headers, parameters, body and URL. A MiniRequestObject is part of a Coprocess.Object.

message MiniRequestObject {
   map<string, string> headers = 1;

   map<string, string> set_headers = 2;

   repeated string delete_headers = 3;

   string body = 4;

   string url = 5;

   map<string, string> params = 6;

   map<string, string> add_params = 7;

   map<string, string> extended_params = 8;

   repeated string delete_params = 9;

   ReturnOverrides return_overrides = 10;

   string method = 11;

   string request_uri = 12;

   string scheme = 13;

   bytes raw_body = 14;
}

Field Descriptions

headers A read-only field for reading headers injected by previous middleware. Modifying this field won’t alter the request headers See set_headers and delete_headers for this.

set_headers This field appends the given headers (keys and values) to the request.

delete_headers This field contains an array of header names to be removed from the request.

body Contains the request body. See ReturnOverrides for response body modifications.

raw_body Contains the raw request body (bytes).

url The request URL

params A read-only field that contains the request params. Modifying this value won’t affect the request params.

add_params Add paramaters to the request.

delete_params This field contains an array of parameter keys to be removed from the request.

return_overrides See ReturnOverrides for more information.

method The request method, e.g. GET, POST, etc.

request_uri Raw unprocessed url which include query string and fragments

scheme Contains the URL scheme, e.g. http, https.

Object (coprocess_object.proto)

The Coprocess.Object data structure data structure wraps a Coprocess.MiniRequestObject It contains additional fields that are useful for users that implement their own request dispatchers, like the middleware hook type and name. It also includes the session state object (SessionState), which holds information about the current key/user that’s used for authentication.

message Object {
 HookType hook_type = 1;

 string hook_name = 2;

 MiniRequestObject request = 3;

 SessionState session = 4;

 map<string, string> metadata = 5;

 map<string, string> spec = 6;
}

Field Descriptions

hook_type Contains the middleware hook type: pre, post, custom auth.

Hook_name Contains the hook name.

request Contains the request object, see MiniRequestObject for more details.

session Contains the session object, see SessionState for more details.

metadata Contains the metadata. This is a dynamic field.

spec Contains information about API definition, including APIID, OrgID and config_data

ReturnOverrides (coprocess_return_overrides.proto)

The ReturnOverrides object, when returned as part of a Coprocess.Object, overrides the response of a given HTTP request. It also stops the request flow and the HTTP request isn’t passed upstream. The fields specified in the ReturnOverrides object are used as the HTTP response. A sample usage for ReturnOverrides is when a rich plugin needs to return a custom error to the user.

message ReturnOverrides {
 int32 response_code = 1;

 string response_error = 2;

 map<string, string> headers = 3;
}

Field Descriptions

response_code This field overrides the HTTP response code and can be used for error codes (403, 500, etc.) or for overriding the response.

response_error This field overrides the HTTP response body.

headers Overrides response HTTP headers.

SessionState (session_state.proto)

A SessionState data structure is created for every authenticated request and stored in Redis. It’s used to track the activity of a given key in different ways, mainly by the built-in Tyk middleware like the quota middleware or the rate limiter. A rich plugin is able to create a SessionState object and store it in the same way built-in authentication mechanisms do. This is what a custom authentication middleware does. This is also part of a Coprocess.Object. Returning a null session object from a custom authentication middleware is considered a failed authentication and the appropriate HTTP 403 error is returned by the gateway (this is the default behaviour) and can be overridden by using ReturnOverrides.

last_check No longer used.

allowance No longer used, should be the same as rate.

rate
The number of requests that are allowed in the specified rate limiting window.

per The number of seconds that the rate window should encompass.

expires An epoch that defines when the key should expire.

quota_max The maximum number of requests allowed during the quota period.

quota_renews An epoch that defines when the quota renews.

quota_remaining The number of requests remaining for this user’s quota (unrelated to rate limit).

quota_renewal_rate The time, in seconds. during which the quota is valid. So for 1000 requests per hour, this value would be 3600 while quota_max and quota_remaining would be 1000.

access_rights Access rights can be defined either by the Dashboard or via an API, depending on the version of Tyk you are using. See the Tutorials section for Cloud, Multi-Cloud and On-Premises (Community and Pro) for more details.

org_id The organisation this user belongs to. This can be used in conjunction with the org_id setting in the API Definition object to have tokens “owned” by organisations.

oauth_client_id This is set by Tyk if the token is generated by an OAuth client during an OAuth authorisation flow.

basic_auth_data This section defines the basic auth password and hashing method.

jwt_data This section contains a JWT shared secret if the ID matches a JWT ID.

hmac_enabled If this token belongs to an HMAC user, this will set the token as a valid HMAC provider.

hmac_secret The value of the HMAC shared secret.

is_inactive Set this value to true to deny access.

apply_policy_id The policy ID that is bound to this token. > NOTE: Although apply_policy_id is still supported, it is now deprecated. apply_policies is now used to list your policy IDs as an array. This supports the Multiple Policy feature introduced in the v2.4 - 1.4 release.

data_expires A value, in seconds, that defines when data generated by this token expires in the analytics DB (must be using Pro edition and MongoDB).

monitor Rate monitor trigger settings, defined elsewhere in the documentation.

metadata Meta data to be included as part of the session. This is a key/value string map that can be used in other middleware such as transforms and header injection to embed user-specific data into a request, or alternatively to query the providence of a key.

tags Tags are embedded into analytics data when the request completes. If a policy has tags, those tags will supersede the ones carried by the token (they will be overwritten).

alias As of v2.1, an Alias offers a way to identify a token in a more human-readable manner, add an Alias to a token in order to have the data transferred into Analytics later on so you can track both hashed and un-hashed tokens to a meaningful identifier that doesn’t expose the security of the underlying token.

id_extractor_deadline See Auth Plugins for additional information.

session_lifetime Overrides the global session lifetime, see Physical Token Expiry for additional information.